Monday, May 25, 2020
Animal rights advocates oppose keeping animals in zoos, but support sanctuaries. TheyÃ oppose keeping animals in zoos because imprisoning the animals for our entertainment violates their right to live free of human exploitation. Even if the animals are of an endangered species, keeping them in a zoo for the sake of the species violates their rights because the good of the species cannot be put above the rights of the individual. On the other hand, sanctuaries rescue animals who cannot live in the wild and can survive only in captivity. How Zoos and Sanctuaries Are Similar Both zoos and sanctuaries confine wild animals in pens, tanks, and cages. Many are operated by non-profit organizations, display animals to the public and educate the public about animals. Some charge admission or request a donation from visitors. How Theyre Different The main difference between zoos and sanctuaries is how they acquire their animals. A zoo might buy, sell, breed, or trade animals, or even capture animals from the wild. The rights of the individual are not considered. Animals are often overbred because zookeepers likeÃ having a constant supply of baby animals to attract the public. Zoo patrons expect to see lively, active animals, not old, tired animals. But the overbreeding leads to overcrowding. Excess animals are sold to other zoos, circuses, or even canned hunting.Ã The animals are acquired to satisfy the interests of the zoo. A sanctuary does not breed, buy, sell or trade animals. A sanctuary also does not capture animals from the wildÃ butÃ acquires only animals who can no longer survive in the wild. These might include injured wildlife, confiscated illegal exotic pets,Ã exotic pets who are surrendered by their owners, and animals from zoos, circuses, breeders, and laboratories that close down. A Florida animal sanctuary, Busch Wildlife Sanctuary, intentionally keeps some animals out of sight so the animals dont interact with the public. These animals have a chance of being released back into the wild if they recover from their injury or illness. The animals that will never have a chance at release, such as orphaned baby black bears who were raised in captivity and dont know how to survive in the wild; Florida Panthers who were once pets so their claws and some teeth have been removed; and snakes who have been hit with shovels and blinded or otherwise impaired, allowed to be seen by the public. While a zoo may argue that they serve an educational purpose, this argument does not justify the imprisonment of the individual animals. They may also argue that spending time with the animals inspires people to protect them, but their idea of protecting the animals consists of taking them out of the wild to confine them in cages andÃ pens.Ã Furthermore, animal advocates would argue that the main lesson taught by the zoo is that we have the right to imprison animals for humans to gawk at. Zoos love to use the old, tired argument that when children see an animal, they will have an affinity for it and want to protect it. But heres the thing, every kid on earth loves dinosaurs but not one kid has ever seen a dinosaur. Accredited Zoos Some animal welfare advocates distinguish between accredited zoos and roadside zoos. In the United States, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) grants accreditation to zoos and aquariums that meet their standards, including procedures for animal health, safety, guest services,Ã and recordkeeping.Ã The term roadside zoo is often used to mean a zoo that is unaccredited, and generally is smaller, with fewer animals and inferior facilities. While the animals at roadside zoos may suffer more than animals at larger zoos, the animal rights position opposes all zoos, regardless of how big the cages or pens are. Endangered Species Endangered species are those that are in danger of becoming extinct in a significant portion of their range.Ã Many zoos participate in breeding programs for endangered species, and may someday be the only places where some species exist. But imprisoning a small number of individuals for the sake of the species violates the rights of the individual. AÃ species does not have rights because it is not sentient. Species is a scientific category designated by people, not a sentient being capable of suffering. The best way to save endangered species is by protecting their habitat. This is an effort everyone has to get behind because we are in the middle of the sixth mass extinction, and we are losing animals at a terribly rapid rate. It may seem confusing to people when they see animal rights advocates boycotting zoos while supporting sanctuaries. The same might be true when animal advocates oppose keeping pets but have rescued cats and dogs from shelters. The important factor to consider is whether we are exploiting the animals or rescuing them. Shelters and sanctuaries rescue animals, while pet shops and zoos exploit them. Its really very simple.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
All around the world, basic human rights, as outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, are being violated. As Thomas Pogge argues, these violations contribute to the rise of poverty in multiple nations. The global rate of death caused by poverty is astounding, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦360 million human beings have died prematurely from poverty related causes, with some 18 million more added each yearÃ¢â¬ , and unfortunately these figures are substantially larger than the death count of many wars (Pogge, p.50). The concept of globalization should, in theory, propose solutions to this depressing yet preventable issue. However, due to the power of corporations and the lack of incentive for affluent citizens to change their own spending habits, it only leads to a vicious cycle masked by solutions that end up propagating human rights violations. Globalization grew at an alarming pace after the fall of the Soviet Union when the USA was left in a position of dominance, allowing them to invest in Ã¢â¬Å"economic prosperityÃ¢â¬ in several nations. With the introduction of deregulated global free trade, the shift to capitalism with an individualist mentality, and a technological revolution that transformed our social spaces and boundaries, a Ã¢â¬Å"farther, faster, cheaper, deeperÃ¢â¬ (Antonio, p. 70) mindset now guided decisions about the environment, culture, economy, political system, and most importantly, the well-being of global citizens. America currently maintains the hegemony and the alliancesShow MoreRelatedThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1728 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespeople. Culture can impede progress and leave women, minorities and other sub-sects of a society without the basic human rights that they deserve. Clinging too close to culture can be dangerous. The Foundations of a Universal Declaration The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was drafted shortly after the United Nations was established in 1945. The aim of the Declaration was to ensure that an atrocity such as the mass killings of Jews and other minorities in Nazi Germany would never happenRead MoreThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman rights are moral principles that set out specific standards of human behavior, and are normally ensured as lawful rights in both national and global law. They are acknowledged to be inalienable, since anybody is characteristically qualified for it essentially on the grounds that they are individuals. Whatever our nationality, sex, shade, religion, dialect, or ethnic source is, we are all just as qualified for our rights without separation or discrimination. All human rights are resolute andRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Essay1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Universal Declaration of Human rights was adopted in the UN gene ral assembly by the 10th December 1948. This is the first time that the world recognized that everyone had the right to enjoy freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom from fear and want, and many other rights. International human rights come along way; before there was no rights. The idea of having rights that led to the development of international human rights takes time. There are benchmarks developments in internationalRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Essay1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA human right is an ethical choice and moral belief belonging to all humans regardless of traits, status, location, color, gender, or belief system. Making the connection to a universal law, the United Nations Rights High Commissioner explains these rights are, Ã¢â¬Å"guaranteed by lawÃ¢â¬ and protected as Ã¢â¬Å"fundamental freedomsÃ¢â¬ (OHCHR, 2016). The Cambridge Dictionary defines privilege as Ã¢â¬Å"an advantage that only one person or group of people hasÃ¢â¬ listing examples such as having a high social position or wealthRead MoreUniversal Declaration Of Human Rights1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a doctrine created to ensure a mutual standard of treatment amongst all humans, every person deserves an equal set of life standards. According to Article 18 of this 30 Article document, Ã¢â¬Å"everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teachingRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImplemented in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) delineates the basic rights and freedoms entitled to all humans. The freedom of speech and the right to express beliefs freely is a universal human right protected by Article 19 of the UDHR. It declares that Ã¢â¬Å"everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expressionÃ¢â¬ and can Ã¢â¬Å"hold opinions without interferenceÃ¢â¬ . The regional agreements of Iran, China and Bahrain are in accordance with the Universal Declaration and are fully dedicatedRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman rigths is an essential component of a tolerant and individually satisfied society. They are created to defend peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s dignity, equality and liberty. However, for thousands of years people lived with no garanteed rights, until 1948, when United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. But is the Universal Declaration of Human Rigths really universal to all states and humans living in them? I am going to argue if Human Rights should or should not be unically adapted to differentRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights875 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI feel that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) does have a western bias. Many people look to US for guidance, but not many other nations copy our way of life. States can sign treaties, but they cannot be reassured that the other nation will keep its word. The US and the UN should maybe not be engaging in promoting western society, but they should be engaging in promoting the protection of human rights. The UN UDHR fought for minimal rights in 1948 by identifying three types of generationsRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1003236982 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states Ã¢â¬Å"that human rights are held by all persons equally and universally foreverÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âhence, they are universal held. This is due to them being the exact same for all human beings anywhere in the world. One cannot acquire human rights because of where they come from, but because they are a member of the human race. Nobody can lose those human rights, nor can they be taken away for whatever the reason may be. Together, we have the right to express ourselvesRead MoreThe Declaration Of Universal Human Rights869 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGeneral Assembly (UNGA) set forth a declaration of universal human rights. The goal was to set a common standard of rights based on Ã¢â¬Å"recognition of the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family.Ã¢â¬ It was meant to become the perfect social contract but unfortunately was not upheld even by the signatory nations themselves. Many critics now looking b ack have cited the overreaching ideals as the downfall of the declaration but yet many have responded saying it
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The case study discussed if money really buys happiness. The University of Pennsylvania found rich people are happier than poor ones, poor countries are not happier than rich countries. Nevertheless, to add to the complexity of happiness and money, in 1974, Easterlin found that only oneÃ¢â¬â¢s relative income compared to peers and neighbors matters for happiness, not absolute income (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, Cardy, 2014). Comparative relative income to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s peers and neighbors is known as the Easterlin paradox. A more recent study conducted by two Watson professors, Stevenson and Wolfers, say the that Easterlin paradox does not exist. The two professors research concludes; rich people are happier than poor people, rich countries are happier than poor and as countries grow richer they tend to get happier. Although the studies lean towards identifying happiness with money I am inclined to doubt that is the only reason. I agree money is a determinant for happiness at work an d in life in general but is not the only factor. Money could be the outcome of other goals achieved in life such as higher education or starting a successful business. In my experiences, the adventure of starting a new business outweighed the income received from the venture. Therefore, the step or journey towards money is likely a subset of achieved milestones that accumulate happiness. Most people use money as a measurement for their success. With that in mind, I believe money is certainlyShow MoreRelatedMoney and Happiness1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCan Money Buy Happiness In todays materialistic world, the phrase that Ã¢â¬Ëmoney cant buy happiness is tending to be proved hence otherwise. Social research and surveys have shown results based on an individuals income, health and the political scenario which is dominant in his or her region. It is quite obvious that the gap between the privileged and the not so is growing into a great divide giving rise to different class and status, thus defining ones social circle. It should therefore be understoodRead MoreEssay on Can Money Buy Happiness?1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJanuaryÃ 24,Ã 2015Ã DoesÃ MoneyÃ ReallyÃ BringÃ Happiness?Ã Ã JohnÃ LockeÃ onceÃ statedÃ thatÃ allÃ menÃ haveÃ theÃ rightÃ toÃ life,Ã liberty,Ã andÃ property.Ã TheÃ authorÃ ofÃ theÃ DeclarationÃ ofÃ Independence,Ã BenjaminÃ Franklin,Ã changedÃ thisÃ statementÃ toÃ theÃ rightÃ toÃ life,Ã liberty,Ã andÃ theÃ pursuitÃ ofÃ happiness.Ã PeopleÃ haveÃ theÃ constitutionalÃ rightÃ toÃ beÃ joyfulÃ andÃ thereforeÃ striveÃ forÃ it,Ã butÃ whatÃ isÃ itÃ thatÃ reallyÃ bringsÃ peopleÃ glee?Ã ManyÃ peopleÃ believeÃ thatÃ theÃ answerÃ toÃ thisÃ questionÃ isÃ simplyÃ money.Ã TheyÃ thinkÃ thatÃ theÃ moreÃ moneyÃ theyÃ Read MoreMoney Can Buy You Happiness1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgave away $10.4 billion dollars. In 2016 that amount of money grew tremendously. That shows that many popular people in America donate to charities and help people that are in need. By helping the people that need money that gain more happiness because they did something that would really help a large amount of people. While most people say you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need money to be happy. Well, I say that money can buy you happiness. Money can buy you happiness by helping people, donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about your financesRead MoreMoney Is It the Source of Happiness?1272 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMoney, Is It The Source of Happiness? The thought of money being the source of happiness is quite interesting. It is a fact that we need money to survive in this expensive economy, and without it we might tend to struggle. Money gives us the opportunity to buy clothes, food, shelter, and many other necessities of life. But does money truly bring happiness? Some may argue that money can make you happy and others will argue that it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t. Why do some believe that money is the source ofRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"Money DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t Buy HappinessÃ¢â¬ 787 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthis quote in their minds. Money is not the first reason to make every single person happy in this world. Money might buy all the materialistic wants in this world but not happiness. Ã¢â¬Å"The Barbie-QÃ¢â¬ by Sandra Cisneros clearly emphasizes that itÃ¢â¬â¢s not always money that brings happiness into our lives. The story is about a girl who comes from a poor family, and she always plays with her cheap Barbie doll with her friend. The financial condition of her family does not really bother her as long as sheRead MoreAnalysis Of Money In The Great Gatsby1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHappiness of Money (Literary analysis on The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald) Gold diggers are commonly known as women that only go after a guy because of the money that he has. The said women doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t even need to love the man just to have the money is enough to keep her around on him. Often times there is a man that really does like this lady, but because he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have money he never gets with her. What if this man without the money decide he would do anything to get money to impress theRead MoreMoney Is A Big Part Of Life952 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMoore English Period 1 2/26/15 Money is a big part of life. However, people tend to have a misconception that money contributes to happiness. It is not possible to Ã¢â¬Å"buy happiness. Conversely, everyone should be aware that it is friendships, good health, and family that truly brings one happiness to which a person aspires. In the book The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the concept of money being able to buy happiness is a widespread theme. Money is unable to create a sense of contentmentRead MoreHow Money Can t Buy Happiness?1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesto question how much money you need to be happy Ã¢â¬â not at all. But you may be surprised to discover how much happiness your money will buy. The idea that money canÃ¢â¬â¢t buy happiness has been around for a long time. Not surprisingly, people with a comfortable standard of living are happier than people who live in poverty. But how much money do you need to make you happy? Will a million or even a billion dollars buy us happiness? Or, is there more to this life than money? Happiness is internal, but thereRead MoreHappiness Essay1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmakes a person happy? Happiness is an endless path in life. Everyone has a different opinion about what makes them happy. People have always been attentive to the issue of what makes humans happy. However, getting a large amount of money is a pursuit for many people, especially the young generation around the world. In the article, Ã¢â¬Å"Get HappyÃ¢â¬ by Walter Mosley, he states how, Ã¢â¬Å"Happiness is considered by most to be a subset of wealthÃ¢â¬ (87). Quote above explains how money is the first thing thatRead MoreThe Importance Of Happiness And Happiness1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesimportant is money to your happiness? What are you willing to do - or give up - in order to acquire a lot of it? Write an essay that explores the connection between your financial wellbeing and your overall satisfaction with life. (Reading - Ã¢â¬Å"The Happiness ProjectÃ¢â¬ by Shaun Pett p. 230) He comes empty-handed and leaves the world empty-handed Since no one is destined to live forever then why he ruins his life running behind the money ABSTRACT
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Traditional And Modern Cooking In Italian? Answer: Introduction This study aims to define new concepts on the modernisation of Italian restaurants as well as authenticity related to the traditional methods in Italian cooking. This research is basically comparing the significance of innovation in the Italian restaurants and traditional values for the native Italians. However, it has been found in many of the previous researches that fusion of traditional and modern methods are the most accepted form of Italian food outside Italy. Furthermore, it can also be seen that dining habits are also changing and revolutionising from time to time (Jenkins, 2012). Thus, in the present study it can be implied that food industry has dynamic and capricious nature that forces it to determine new ways in the cooking business process and procedures where Italian cooking is no exception. Background Literature Hazan, 2012 describes that traditional methods of cooking have been a tough errand for todays lifestyle as it includes slow cooking techniques, fermentations and canning which is a process and procedure of time. Traditional methods of cooking are more flavourful for natives and comprised of some basic dining habits. However, in the present scenario, everybody is busy with their work and life. Not everybody wants to devote their time only for cooking or wants every meal after so much patience and time. It has also been observed that the taste and flavour of traditional dishes with the traditional methods are not being accepted by people outside the country of the dish (Hazan, 2012). In the contrary, globalisation and immigration of Italians in the other part of the world has introduced some new innovative dishes which includes the taste and fusion of the spices and culture of other country with the traditional methods. Additionally, Waters (2011) elucidates that the fusion process and procedure has widely accepted by the world and changed the authenticity of the traditional Italian meals. Not only has this changed the traditional methods of the Italian dishes but also influenced the strict dining habits preserved by the Italians for breakfast, lunch and meals combinations. On the other hand, it has been analysed that the fusion of Italian meals in a restaurant is an imperative development that helps it selling their dishes more than the traditional one (Waters, 2011). Traditional food by grandmother or mother was based on the taste that is being introduced to a child from the start and which is flavour with love of mother towards her family. Parent Literature As per, Cassi, 2011, in this modern era, everybody wants something new and innovative to sooth their taste buds. Due to globalisation, in food industry so many spices, flavours and cultures are mixed which has replaced the traditional values and cultures. Today, so many restaurants are popular for their mixed fusion of traditional and modern methods which are loved by everybody and earning lots of money out of that modernization (Cassi, 2011). Traditional methods in Italian cooking takes time like slow cooking for enhanced flavours preservation of certain items in a specific temperature and time which cannot be implemented by restaurants in current situations. Fast food services with appropriate tastes and flavours more than traditional method is must for the survival of the restaurants. Hence, adopting newness in the Italian dishes are very important which is also led by the examples such as Barilla company is producing many Italian products which helps people in making quick Italia n dishes with good taste and high quality of food. It has also applied many traditional procedures of Italian kitchen to influence the authenticity of the food and high standards of input ingredients (Cassi, 2011). In the opinion of Taylor, 2012 communication and marketing food is also necessary for any restaurants that facilitates popularity in the market and increase its income. The feedbacks of the customers to improve the food quality and adopt its taste according to the regional customers are another way of market communication that helps the restaurants in their existence. Although native Italians may not agree with the fusion of Italian dishes as they believe and cook their food like rituals and with certain dining habits which are not understandable by other people, but globally Italian dishes are loved with some amendments and mixed with some other flavours only (Taylor, 2012). Even in old times Italian kitchens was only had high quality of olive oils, salt, black pepper and herbs with cheese as main dish ingredients, then immigrants from other places introduced other vegetables like potatoes, corns, tomatoes and beans which are being farmed and integrated in primary Italian dishes. Th us, it can be integrated that food in the Italian kitchen was never based on only specific ingredients and methods and changes in the Italian kitchen was constant from the beginning (Taylor, 2012). Immediate Literature According to Hackman, (2015) the changes in the modern restaurants of Italian kitchens are mainly includes some of the rules and proportions that are not traditional or prohibited. For example, garlic in the dishes are used as a most important ingredient and highlighted in the flavour, whereas Italians does not agree with this procedure as a tradition. Onions are also used as controversial ingredient in the traditional kitchen with modern process of cooking (Hackman, 2015). It has also been observed that simple pasta dish with cheese and basils were one of the most common meals of Italians which was never considered as a main meal in the restaurants. Moreover, Hackman demonstrates some of the dining habits like offering cappuccino with croissant is just a breakfast thing which is not served after noon in Italy, on the other hand there is no rule applies in anywhere else. Some more illustrations like pasta is always boiled slightly undercooked in Italian tradition, shapes of pasta is specifically attached with its sauces and ingredients and no meatball pasta concept is there (Hackman, 2015). Along with this, no cheese is added in seafood pasta recopies. Thus, these traditions are not being followed by todays restaurants due to demand of flavour and tastes by the local customers of the restaurants. Conclusion Thus, from the above literature review it can be analysed that traditional methods are only followed by the natives or Italians, however fusion version of Italian dishes are liked by the majority of the population. From this observation, Italian restaurants around the world are changing their ways to cook Italian dishes in modern styles that are more suitable in the particular region. References Cassi, D. 2011. Science and cooking: the era of molecular cuisine. EMBO Reports 12(3),pp. 191-196. Hackman, R. 2015. What do real Italians think about New York's Italian food? [Online] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/sep/18/what-do-real-italians-think-about-new-yorks-italian-food [Accessed on: 11 September, 2017]. Hazan, M. 2012. The Essentials of Classic Italian Cooking. Pan Macmillan. Jenkins, S. 2012. In Italian Food, What's Authentic and Does It Really Even Matter? The accounting. August Issues. [Online] Available at: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/02/in-italian-food-whats-authentic-and-does-it-really-even-matter/253346/ [Accessed on: 11 September, 2017]. Taylor, A. L. 2012. Has Italian food lost its 'authenticity'? [Online] Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/food/0/19648820 [Accessed on: 11 September, 2017] Waters, A. 2011. Recipes and Lessons from a Delicious Cooking Revolution. Management UK.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Avon, Mary Kay and Estee Lauder Resume Animal Testing In February of 2012, PETA discovered that Avon, Mary Kay, and Estee Lauder had resumed animal testing. The three companies had each been cruelty-free for over 20 years, but since China requires cosmetics to be tested on animals, all three companies now pay for their products to be tested on animals. For a short while, Urban Decay also planned to start animal testing but announced in July of 2012 that they would not test on animals and would not sell in China. While none of these are completely vegan companies, they have been considered cruelty-free because they did not test on animals. Urban Decay takes the extra step of identifying vegan products with a purple paw symbol, but not all Urban Decay products are vegan. Testing cosmetics and personal care products on animals are not required by U.S. law unless the product contains a new chemical. In 2009, the European Union banned cosmetics testing on animals, and that ban went into full effect in 2013. In 2011, U.K. officials announced an intention to ban animal testing of household products, but that ban has not yet been enacted. Avon and Animal Testing Avons animal welfare policy now states: Some select products may be required by law in a few countries to undergo additional safety testing, which potentially includes animal testing, under the directive of a government or health agency. In these instances, Avon will first attempt to persuade the requesting authority to accept non-animal test data. When those attempts are unsuccessful, Avon must abide by local laws and submit the products for additional testing. According to Avon, testing their products on animals for these foreign markets is not new, but it appears that PETA removed them from the cruelty-free list because PETA has become more aggressive advocates in the global arena. Avons Breast Cancer Crusade (funded by Avons popular breast cancer walk) is on the Humane Seal list of approved charities that dont fund animal research. Estee Lauder Estee Lauders animal testing statement reads, We do not conduct animal testing on our products or ingredients, nor ask others to test on our behalf, except when required by law. Mary Kay Mary Kays animal testing policy explains: Mary Kay does not conduct animal testing on its products or ingredients, nor ask others to do so on its behalf, except when absolutely required by law. There is only one country where the company operates Ã¢â¬â among more than 35 around the world Ã¢â¬â where that is the case and where the company is required by law to submit products for testing Ã¢â¬â China. Urban Decay Of the four companies, Urban Decay had had the most support in the vegan/animal rights community because they identify their vegan products with a purple paw symbol. The company even distributes free samples through The Coalition for Consumer Information on Cosmetics, which certifies cruelty-free companies with their Leaping Bunny symbol. While Avon, Mary Kay, and Estee Lauder may have offered some vegan products, they had not specifically marketed those products to vegans and did not make it easy to identify their vegan products. Urban Decay had planned to sell their products in China, but received so much negative feedback, the company reconsidered: After careful consideration of many issues, we have decided not to start selling Urban Decay products in China . . . Following our initial announcement, we realized that we needed to step back, carefully review our original plan, and talk to a number of individuals and organizations that were interested in our decision. We regret that we were unable to respond immediately to many of the questions we received, and appreciate the patience our customers have shown as we worked through this difficult issue. Urban Decay is now back on the Leaping Bunny list and PETAs cruelty-free list. While Avon, Estee Lauder, and Mary Kay claim to oppose animal testing, as long as they are paying for animal tests anywhere in the world, they can no longer be considered cruelty-free.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Assignment 1 - Essay Example The chief executive officer is Tim Armstrong (AOL, Inc. 2013). The company is committed to conducting operations in ways that conserve the environment through reduction of energy consumption in computer servers, implementing energy-efficient data centers, reduction in carbon footprint, green building, and recycling of plastic bottles, toner cartridges and aluminum cans (AOL, Inc. 2013). The company has strengthened communities through employee volunteers, donation of computer labs, empowering consumers like users of Huffing post, supporting the advertising partners like through AOL network and advocating for internet integrity and safety (Benn and Bolton, 2011). The company has a diversified workforce that caters for wide range of interests and needs (AOL, Inc. 2013). In addition, the compensation is fair and employment practices prohibit discrimination (AOL, Inc. 2013). However, the company must increase resources committed to social responsibility activities by at least 10 percent of the annual revenues and use at least 5 percent of the profits in promoting internet safety and integrity values. The primary stakeholders have a direct interest in AOL, Inc decision-making and operations and include shareholders, customers, government, creditors, employees, strategic advertising partners, and communities (Benn and Bolton, 2011). The secondary stakeholders have an indirect interest in AOL, Inc operations and include labor unions, the media, competitors, advocacy groups, and research centers. The primary stakeholders are either positively or negatively affected by the decisions of the management while the secondary stakeholders are not directly affected by the actions of the management (Benn and Bolton, 2011). The primary stak